Allergies
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Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
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Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis is an allergic inflammatory disease of the small air sacs deep in the lungs caused by hypersensitivity to mould and bacteria or other allergen particles of small size (5um or smaller).  Because this disease is rare, it might be diagnosed late or misdiagnosed altogether.  There are a few different variations of this disease: Trimellitic Anhydride Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis can be caused be exposure to plastics, resins and paint.  Pandora's Pneumonitis is caused by bacterial growth found in forced air equipment.  Humidifier Fever is associated with exposure to toxins from microorganisms that grow in building ventilation systems but are now occurring in home heating and cooling systems and humidifiers.  Health problems caused by HP can be acute (symptoms 4-6 hours after exposure) or can be chronic, causing scarring of the lungs (fibrosis).  The most common form of household exposure is from pet birds (a fatal case was reported from long term exposure to just one parakeet in the home).  Prolonged, repeated exposures to offending particles can lead to permanent lung damage and significant disability.   

Symptoms are often associated with pneumonia and usually last 18 hours but the damage to lungs is irreversible
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Tightness of chest (in some cases only gradual increase of shortness of breath might be experienced)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Chills
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Cor pulmonale (heart failure brought on by lung problems)
  • Pulmonary fibrosis

Limiting or ceasing the exposure to the antigen responsible is the best option of avoiding health problem reoccurrences.  You can accomplish this by:

  • Clean and maintain your Humidifier (if you have one) as per the manufacturer and dry up any excessive moisture immediately
  • Install an Air Cleaner, as exposure to dust should be reduced as much as possible
  • Use a dust mask when cleaning
  • If mold is suspected as a trigger, have a professional investigate and remedy the problem area
  • Install and use exhaust fans in kitchens and bathrooms to keep humidity down, making an unlikely environment for biological contaminants to thrive
  • Ventilate attic and crawl spaces
  • Keep your heating and cooling system well maintained by a professional and your Air Ducts Clean.
If you or someone in your family has symptoms of this disease, see you doctor immediately and call today to learn how to protect your family from complications due to mould contamination or other hazards in your home!
 
 
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is "IAQ"
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